Dog breeds: Canaan Dog

Dog breeds: Canaan Dog

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Israel.
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.

The Canaan Dog is certainly an indigenous breed of Palestine. It is an ancient dog whose genesis has no definite information. Experts argue that since its formation it is evident that more wolf-like shepherd breeds have contributed, most likely also the "Collie". Many fans of the breed and many authors say that the "Australian Dingo" also played a significant role in its history, which, according to some, would have contributed to giving the current morphology to the Canaan Dog. In fact, there were two types in the breed: the "Dingo type" and the "Collie type", the variations of which were specified in the Standard. Then there was the unification of the two types. During the armed conflicts, frequent in those lands, the breed has been repeatedly used as a relay, with excellent results, and also as an order carrier and for the search for the wounded. Little known in Europe. Quite widespread in England and the United States, especially in California.

General aspect

Medium pan dog, dolominocephalic mesomorphic. Morphologically classified as Lupoid type. Inscribed in a square, well balanced, strong and of a type similar to a wild dog. In the race there is a strong sexual dimorphism. Its construction presents right relationships between head, body and limbs. It is very well proportioned. It has a solid and robust build.


Breed characterized by an extraordinary devotion to its owner. He is a very docile dog and easy enough to educate. Another aspect that characterizes the breed is its great rapidity in its reactions. He is wary of strangers. He is always on the defensive, but he is not aggressive by nature. He is very vigilant towards men and also towards other animals. Proof of work for this breed is not required in dog shows.

Canaan Dog (photo

Canaan Dog puppy (photo

Canaan Dog (photo


Height: from 50 to 60 cm.
Weight: 18 to 25 kg.

Trunk: square, with well out withers, horizontal back, muscular lumbar region. The chest well descended and of moderate width. Well-belted ribs. Bottom line is very raised.
Head and muzzle: well proportioned, in the shape of a truncated cone, of medium length, it seems wider than it is because of the low attachment of the ears. Skull slightly flattened. Of particularly strong constitution in males, it can be of good width. Shallow but clean stop. Robust nose, of moderate length and width. Clenched lips.
Truffle: sufficiently large and black in color.
Teeth: complete dentition with strong jaws. Scissor or pincer joint.
Neck: medium width, muscular.
Ears: straight, relatively short wide, slightly rounded at the end. Low hairline.
Eyes: dark brown, slightly oblique, almond-shaped. The black edges of the eyelids are of primary importance.
Limbs: moderate articulation. Balance is of primary importance. The forelegs are perfectly straight. The elbow is well attached to the body. The hindquarters are powerful. The thigh is strong, presence of small fringes on the buttocks. Grassella well angled. Hock well descended. Strong feet, round like cat feet; hard bearings.
Shoulder: oblique and muscular.
Pace: too fast, light, full of energy. The movement is remarkably agile and resistant. Correct movement is paramount.
Musculature: well developed and evident.
Tail: with high hairline, with very abundant and thick hair. Flow rolled on the back.
Hair: tight, hard and straight covering hair, short or of medium length. Abundant and tight undercoat.
Allowed colors: from sand to brown red, white, black or mottled, with or without mask. If there is a mask, it must be symmetric. A black mask and white spots are allowed in all colors. However, a design like that of the "Boston terrier" is common. Gray, striped, black and tan, tricolor colors are not allowed. The colors that recur that of sand-desert, golden, red or cream are the most typical of the breed.
Most common defects: enognatismo, prognatismo, non-standard sizes, colors not allowed, incorrect rear, hair too long, attachment of the low tail, body not in the square, dog too frail, front not straight, incorrect movement, lack of teeth, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: National Dog of Israel the Canaan Dog. Meet Vino at Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show 2020 (October 2021).